Nightly News, Teacher Training and Typography: this week on Fresh Powder

Evening Edition

You’ve probably noticed it: lately, all the big stories are breaking at night. It seems weird; we’re not used to waking up to a big story that broke at 10 p.m. So why does it happen? Simply: because it can. We’re totally hyper-connected, and when one org breaks a big story that will run in the morning paper, they tweet about it. Then another does. Then another. And it becomes a big story during the nighttime hours when all the news-junkies (and pretty much everyone else) are glued to their social media feeds. It’s like the new evening edition, which is kind of cool, and at the very least it keeps us gotta-know-the-latest-right-now kids on our toes.

Training Wreck

Managing a classroom is hard, no one would argue with that. But it’s harder when teachers don’t get the training they need to teach to all the students in their room. Inclusion for people with disabilities is a thing, and it’s not going to stop being a thing, but teachers in the general education program are often only required to take one course on teaching students with special needs, while special educations teachers spend nearly the whole of their education learning the same thing. This means, in an inclusive classroom, the teacher is has received little more than cursory instruction, and has to learn by trial and error. Uncool, for student and teacher alike. Dual-instructor and dual-cert programs are a start, and we’ve got to start somewhere, for everyone’s sake.

Typo-graphy

Ok, so the Oscars were more than a week ago, and the Best Picture snafu is old news (or, if it’s not old news for you, the final award was announced for the wrong picture), but the reason for the mix-up remains an interesting conversation starter. One theory: typography. That’s the arrangement of written, typed language. Typography is concerned with legibility and coherence, and it, or the lack of it, could feasibly be blamed for the awkward end to this year’s Oscars. Maybe, had more concern been given to the arrangement of the Best Picture award card, (and, of course, had the right card been handed to the presenters), the goofiness could have been avoided. In any case, it’s a good lesson for those of us who have yet to screw up an Academy Awards finale: typography matters.

LION’s Tap

It’s a sad thing: funding for large newspapers continues to diminish, traditional reporting jobs are disappearing, and the new industry as a whole is struggling. But maybe there’s a positive spin to this whole thing: a re-focused interest in independent, local news. LION (Local Independent Online News Publishers) is an organization aimed at connecting independent online news sources, and for them, community news a bit like craft beer: it’s local, specialized, and high-quality. And it might be the wave of the future as large papers continue to shrink. The cool thing is that high school and college papers already do that–– you guys already focus locally, and your work is already like a tasty craft brew, so you’re ahead of the game, and that’s awesome.

This also happened last week: Trump accused Obama of tapping his phones before the election, but that’s all he’s going to say about it. Equally important, a new Wolverine movie came out, and for cat lovers, a very useful product review.

Connections, Changes, and Playing Keep-out: this week on Fresh Powder

Creating Connections

Journalism is, sadly, a fairly homogenous game: it’s mostly composed of white people. People of color are woefully underrepresented when it comes to newsroom demographics, and when it comes to leadership, the numbers are embarrassingly low. The Ida B. Wells Society wants to change that. They’re holding journalism bootcamps aimed at grooming journalists of color for the newsroom. The idea is that by training journalists, they’ll start to chip away at the oft-used excuse for a lack of diversity in newsrooms: there are not enough qualified applicants. No more excuses means room for change, and that’s cool.

Trump Change

Last week, the Trump administration rescinded federal oversight of school protections for transgender students. Primarily, this change removes Obama admin guidelines that require schools to accommodate students according to their gender identity, and that prohibit schools from requiring transgender students to use separate bathroom facilities. The new guidelines do mandate that schools provide a safe learning environment for LGBTQ students, but so-called “bathroom laws” will be handled state by state. In a time when we thought we really were moving past segregation, this feels like a major step backward.

No Holds Barred

Last Friday, press secretary Sean Spicer hand-picked reporters to attend a White House press briefing. NBC, ABC, and Fox News were represented at the briefing. CNN, Buzzfeed, and Politico, along with almost all of the foreign press, were barred from attendance. This kind of siloed information sharing is unprecedented, and it’s alarming. We have a president who is openly disdainful of the media, and by allowing this kind of pick-and-choose media access, the Trump admin is, in effect, curating the news. That’s scary, and as members of the journalism community, we all need to sit up and take notice. Even George W. Bush critiqued Trump’s war on the media, because freedom of the press is that important.

This also happened last week: The Academy Awards happened Sunday, and at the end of the night Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway announced La La Land as winner of Best Picture. But… they were wrong. Moonlight won. Mid-acceptance speech, La La Land producer Jordan Horowitz made the announcement, and the snafu was handled gracefully. Actor Bill Paxton died over the weekend at the age of 61, and he’ll be missed. To help, here are 26 pictures that will make everything ok.

Press-ervation, Bolstering (and Busting) Bubbles, and Finding the Fresh: this week on Fresh Powder

Press Positive

John McCain isn’t one to mince words, and when it comes to freedom of the press, he couldn’t be more blunt: it’s totally necessary, you don’t have to like the press to understand why we need it, and it’s the first step in preventing a burgeoning dictatorship. It’s good to have the outspoken Arizona senator on the side of press, and it’s important to have support for the media on both sides of the aisle. Bravo, McCain.

Boost or Burst: Social Media Bubbles

Mark Zuckerberg issued a manifesto last week wherein, among other things, he suggests that the Facebook community will curate its own interaction with current events by teaching the FB algorithms which stories to escalate. It sounds like he’s (maybe accidentally) building a power vacuum by sucking readers away from established news sources, and it’s unclear how this new methodology will handle the inevitable information silos it’s likely to create. Buzzfeed’s got a better idea, one that’s meant to burst bubbles, rather than fortify them. So that’s cool, at least.

Keep it Fresh

On any given day, there are a handful of stories that everyone is reporting on (think, like, every tweet Donald Trump makes, etc). Obviously, big stories are important. But there are only so many different ways to tell the same story. So how can you do it differently? How does one publication stand out from all the rest? One answer: think about the “white space.” That is, think about all the things that aren’t being said about your topic, and all the possible different takes on any given subject. Then write about that. You can use analytics to do it, or social media, or any number of different methods. The point is, when you write what’s not being written already, you’re going to attract readers. And that’s cool.

Survey Says

The Trump campaign released a survey last week. The subject? “Mainstream Media Accountability.” The questions are, predictably, slanted, and they’re aimed at garnering quantifiable support for the undermining of established news orgs. It’s divisive, but that’s not surprising, is it? The good news is that anyone can take the survey, and you totally should, regardless of your political affiliation. Pro-tip: take your time starting at question #10, lest you get caught in the murky verbiage.

This also happened last week: Trump chose a new national security advisor, and people actually really respect the guy. So that’s cool. Even so, if you weren’t already seriously considering moving to Canada, here’s some crucial info that might change your mind. In less interesting news, Ryan Seacrest’s mansion caught fire over the weekend. The cause of the fire remains unnamed thus far, but we’d put money on a combustible bid for relevance from the Seacrest camp.

Fashionably Conservative, Civic Re-engagement, and Comments For Days: this week on Fresh Powder

Conspicuously Conservative

Well, looks like the current political environment will provide significant branding opportunities for all kinds of establishments; aligning with one side of the aisle or the other is becoming increasingly common in large companies and is a fairly effective method of branding. The newcomer to the game? Higher education. Increasingly, colleges and universities sporting so- called “conspicuously conservative” ideals are stepping into the limelight and touting their ideals to attract students. Some institutions are even rejecting federal loans and grants in order to maintain authority over their business model. It’s interesting, because the university atmosphere has long been held as bastion of liberality, learning, and limit-testing. But, we’ve learned a ton of things about the ideological makeup of our country this year, and “conspicuously conservative” is totally a thing now.

Civic Revival

Here’s a thing: by and large, Americans are woefully ignorant of basic civic processes. This ignorance has become exceptionally apparent as we’ve watched our new president execute extreme executive orders (and then have them overturned by a single judge), and it’s leaving educators wondering: what’s to be done about civics education? Building curriculum that teaches kids about the government, but that doesn’t get political, sounds, frankly, kind of impossible. But it’s important, and it can start with media literacy. Teaching kids how to responsibly consume media and how to identify fake news is a start, and it builds critical thinking skills. And (bonus) it’s one way to start re-focusing on civics without raising the ire of reactive parents.

Comment-ary

Oh, the comments section. Don’t we love it? It’s a place on the internet, among a countless others, for righteous readers to share their opinions and ask questions (and, commonly, a haven for trolls spouting vitriol). It’s a tough space to control, and many news orgs opt out of allowing comments all together for exactly that reason. But it can be a useful tool, too, if you can make it work. Readers clearly like to interact with journalists and each other through comments, and publications, if they do it right, might actually be able to use the comments section for good. We all know the more reader engagement the better, so it might be totally worth learning how to win at comments.

Fakery For All

Fake news is still a thing, we know that. And by now we’re all pretty savvy about recognizing weird, salacious headlines like pre-election ones aimed at conservative Trump supporters. We even know that the self-identified “yellow journalists” are in it  for the money, and that most of the writers don’t even align their own beliefs with the stories they write. So it’s totally crucial that we remember that very often, propagators of fake news hold no allegiance to the right or the left, and that means neither side is immune to fake news. If we’re buying, the fake-newsies are selling, and right now they’re selling to disgruntled liberals. So pay attention–– just because you’re not clicking on some super alt-right article with an all-caps headline doesn’t mean you’re not reading fake news.

These things also happened: Bey is having twins, but you knew that. Today, the Ninth Circuit judges will hear the challenge of Trump’s “travel ban.” Stay tuned, kids. Until then: ordering coffee, casually explained.

‘The Media’, Plagiarists Beware, and Analytics All Day: this week on Fresh Powder

Conscious Re-branding

Well, we all know the president is waging a self-described “war” with the media. Cool. By “the media,” he means, like, all journalists. He’s made a habit of lambasting the media and, without irony, encouraging the American public to distrust journalists, whose job it is to tell the truth (if that doesn’t sound like some 1984-style doublespeak, I don’t know what does). And yes, there are “news” orgs that specialize in sensational, over-wrought and even fake news, but there always have been, and lumping them all together as “the media” de-legitimizes actual news orgs (see Trump’s press conference statement that CNN is “fake news” for proof). So possibly, it’s time for journalists and the American public to stop contributing to Trump’s rhetoric by rejecting the term “the media,” and opt instead for more accurate descriptors. It’d be a start, at least.

Just Say No

Ok- it’s like the first rule in journalism: don’t plagiarize. Just don’t. It’s not a hard concept, but somehow it’s one journalists go round and round with. And it’s not getting any better in our world of rapid-cycle, news NOW media consumption–– copy and pasting content and republishing without credit has become a regular practice for more than a few news outlets. But Ginger Gorman, whose original story about male sexual abuse victims was ripped off, found that she wasn’t alone in her outrage after she made an angry tweet and it went viral. The net lesson? Even in such an ethically dubious time as this one, people are paying attention, and stealing still isn’t cool.

Analytics All Day

Here’s a cool thing about journalism today (we know, you did a double take when you read that section after like, all of 2016 happened): analytics. Publications can access hard data from their readership at anytime: what’s the big story? What’s catching attention? What’s not? As a result, journalism orgs can dial in their coverage–– offering readers stories they’ll engage with. It’s pretty cool, and it’s totally worth learning how to do it.

The Mommy Market

There’s a new parenting site, it’s called Motherly, and it’s for millennials. Everyone knows that parenting intelligence is fluid and dynamic, and Motherly, looking at their targeted audience of highly educated, successful, (also married, also rich…) millennials, is tailoring their product to appeal to the burgeoning market. They’re using analytics (hey!) to tune in with their audience, and they’re utilizing a primarily decentralized workforce. It’s kinda cool, but also kind of disheartening: like, yay! One more product specifically designed to meet the needs of a highly catered-to niche group, AND it’s getting press coverage! And all those other kinds of women who are having babies and who are not married or rich or highly educated? Well. They can just stick with BabyCenter.

These things also happened last week: Executive orders happened, but you knew that. First, a sweeping ban on immigration. Then, a weird one about federal regulations: for every new regulation proposed, an agency must rescind two existing regulations. It’s like a children’s game made up but the recess bully. If you’re feeling a measure of cognitive dissonance, don’t worry, we all are. And if you’re having trouble understanding the mood you’re currently experiencing, that’s normal, too. Thank goodness there’s a Buzzfeed quiz for that.

VR, Going Funny, and Ethics All Day: this week on Fresh Powder

Getting Ahead of the Game

News media is experiencing a time of dramatic change (but really, hasn’t that always been the case?) and it never hurts to get in on the newest thing before everybody else does. While others are dealing with the unruly nature of Facebook Live and other live stream video services, it might be a good time to check out VR, instead. VR and 360 vid equipment is expensive, it’s true, but prices are starting to level out and as they do, we can expect that savvy journalists are going to be using the technology to take storytelling to a new level. VR and 360 vids can turn a story into an immersive experience, and you can bet that max-exposure-minimal-effort junkies (you know, like, all of us) are going to be all over that.

Humor Me

The Washington Post is getting funny. Or, they’re planning on it. With a recent round of hiring aimed at nearly doubling the current number of staff in the video department, the Post is setting aim at satire, a la the likes of the Daily Show and others. It’s not a bad idea, and they’re going into it with open eyes and a platform specific approach: they’ll abbreviate bits for YouTube and Facebook audiences and build ads appropriate to each platform. Not a bad idea. It’s a their goal for the next three years, but who knows, maybe they’ll catch on to the VR game, too. Comedy VR, now there’s an idea.

Ethics All Day

We’re pretty much a divided nation, that much has become abundantly clear over the last couple months. But with the Women’s March on Washington last Saturday, we witnessed a different divide, one of journalistic ethics. Scores of magazines and other publications covered the event, and so did Buzzfeed, WaPo and the New York Times. The divide? Those last three didn’t allow their reporters to attend if they weren’t on assignment. It’s got to do with the appearance of objectivity, and all those other journalistic standards, but in a time where many publications are taking an unequivocal political stance, the practice is starting to feel antiquated. One thing we can be sure of? The next four years are pretty well guaranteed to offer many opportunities for publications to hone their own brand of ethics.

You Are What You Believe

We’ve all done it–– argued with someone of an opposite political belief. We try to change their mind, they try to change ours. Mostly, both parties walk away angry. Or, at the very least, passively hostile. Turns out, it could have to do with the way our brain processes political conviction: a small study done by a collection of scientists shows that our brains may process challenges to our belief systems in the same area they processes identity and negative emotions. If someone told you your sense of identity is deeply entangled with your beliefs, you’d be like, “Well, duh.” But that personal identity and political leanings might operate within the same brain space? That’s kinda cool to know.

This also happened last week: On Sunday, Kellyanne Conway said Trump’s tax returns wouldn’t be release because the American public isn’t interested, not because they are being audited. On Monday, she said we would see Trump’s tax returns, when they are done being audited. It’s ok if you’re feeling dizzy and a touch of whiplash. We are too. But maybe we won’t have to worry about any of that anymore, because he’s here: the political satirist that will save America.

That Press Conference, Aptronyms, and Something About Stories: this week on Fresh Powder

Sideshow #1

Well, per expectation, things got weird at Trump’s press conference last week. He lambasted the media and called Buzzfeed garbage for publishing an unverified dossier about his conduct in Russia (because that kind of reaction proves innocence), and he flatly refused to take questions from CNN’s Jim Acosta, calling the organization “fake news.” The whole conference was bizarre, and left reporters (and, like, the nation) feeling more than a little dumbfounded. But, the Trump circus did it again: he got everyone so twisted up with his treatment of the press and his handling of the dossier sensation that in the end, it was easy to forget about that table full of dubious documents (the ones he claimed were signed contracts removing him from his many business deals). The cool thing, though? The whole scene prompted CNN’s opposite, Fox News, to back CNN as a credible news org acting within journalistic standards. So, there’s that, which is nice, and it might even signify a new unification among formerly opposed factions of news orgs. Neat.

Bright Idea

Here’s an idea (well, it’s journalism prof Amanda Bright’s idea): let’s get better at social media-ing. That doesn’t mean crafting funnier tweets or taking cuter photos, it means actually reading the articles we’re sharing, and conscientiously circulating information on our social media platforms. What a thought! She’s calling on journalists, advisers, and students to cite sources when they retweet, and to identify why the article they’re sharing is important. Bright idea, Amanda. Now we just need to broaden the base to include everyone, not just the kids in the journalism game. And if, for some reason, you’re still not convinced: John Kerry on why Twitter isn’t an appropriate platform for policy making.

Story, in Fact

Everyone’s pretty obsessed with fact-checking right now (with good reason), but let’s not ignore the necessary companion of fact: story. Facts don’t happen in a vacuum, and to ignore the context of a statement or event is to ignore much of it’s essence–– how did it happen, and why? And we should probably face the fact that as human beings, we’re story tellers, so compiling facts without context does not promote understanding or engagement. Of course, it’s past time that we take fact-checking seriously, but then let’s go a step further and analyze the narrative as well.

Fear for All

Obviously, we’re living in uncertain times (but who in the history of the world hasn’t felt that way?), and with uncertainty will always come the desire to quell anxiety. Enter: predictions. US intelligence analysts have an idea of what our country might look like in five years (hint–– America is going to have to share some of the glory of dominance as the playing field levels), and journalism is going to see new trends, too. The theme? Fear, pretty much.

This also happened last week:

There’s a new email scam, it looks official, and it’s from Netflix-– don’t fall for it! They want your payment information and your social security number and like, everything, and it’s totally not Netflix. Now you know. And, if you haven’t heard, Trump is getting sworn in on Friday with the lowest approval rating (40%) of any president in the last four decades. So there’s that. But don’t worry, there are always baby red pandas playing in the snow.

Ethics, Freedom of Expression and Mind-Boggling Brutality: this week on Fresh Powder

The Ethically Invisibile

Trauma is a thing. So is PTSD. Journalists witness and report on trauma everyday, and if they’re worth their salt, they do it ethically (though the handling of trauma reporting is a skill that is woefully under-taught, turns out). And journalistic integrity is upheld not only by journalists but by the people keeping an eye on them (which is everyone). So there’s a measureable degree of dissonance if we stop to consider that while we’re so busy keeping journalists ethical (and simultaneously demanding to know ALL THE THINGS), many journalists who witness trauma receive no support from the news outlets who buy their stories. We expect them to be there, on the scene, getting us the news, but then conveniently forget that journalists are people, too, and that even journalists can get PTSD. Like, duh. It’s time news outlets check their own ethics, and start supporting the reporters who keep them afloat.

The Freedom Fight

Most journalists and journalism advisers are going to run into the old problem at one point or another: censorship. A conservative school administration, a nervous publisher, censorship is a thing that’s not going away. And the naysayers won’t go away either; there will always be people who want to minimize the value of our right to freedom of expression. This is a fight for the bold, and it’s a tough one, but it’s one worth staying engaged in. Because if you don’t, who will?

Social Media Assault

It’s tough being the most popular kid on the block, and Facebook got that message (yet again) last week when four people in Chicago used Facebook Live to broadcast themselves torturing a man with special needs. It’s awful, stupid and disgustingly cruel, and unfortunately, it’s the nature of the live-streaming beast: Facebook Live can be used to broadcast anything. So what now? Last month Facebook, YouTube, Twitter and Microsoft talked about creating a shared database to track and remove terrorist propaganda using digital fingerprints, but unless companies offering live-streaming video services also invest in diligent editors, the database might not be enough to keep this kind of thing from happening again. Facebook is all about innovation, but it looks like now it’s time to pay the ethical-responsibility piper.

But, Why Though?

While Facebook bangs it’s head against a wall trying to figure out the problem with live-streaming video service, we can scratch our own heads and wonder: why in the world would those kids commit such a terrible act in the first place, let alone stream it? How much of it was just that they could- that all they needed to do was open an app and the whole world could watch them torture someone? Would it have happened if there were no audience? Is this a matter of life imitating… access? Technology? What?? Whatever the rationale, it’s disturbing, and not ok.

This Also Happened: The Golden Globes happened, and Meryl Streep used her acceptance speech to call out the president-elect for mocking a disabled reporter. Then she she asked the press to safeguard the truth, especially in the face of the new administration. And that’s why we love her. Streep ‘20. But if award shows aren’t your thing and you just want a 2016 throwback hit from before things got really weird, here are some classic dog-or comparisons. Enjoy.

Mindset, Making Fun, and Post-2016 Predictions: this week on Fresh Powder

The Post-Millennial Method

Everyone born before 1980 absolutely loves to gripe about the problem with millennials: they’re lazy, they’re self-absorbed, they’re the accidental detritus of the self-esteem movement. Actually, plenty of millennials like to crab about their own generation, too. But, this (probably unfairly caricatured) group of people were born of the desire to cultivate emotionally healthy individuals, and maybe it’s got more to do with individual mindset than anything else. Carol Dweck, a psychologist at Stanford, has some suggestions for teachers interested in cultivating resilient students eager for a challenge, and ones that have good self esteem, too. Huh.

Comedy Bang Bang

Satire has been a thing for a long time, and we like it. It’s critical and it breaks tension with well-timed humor. It pushes us to look critically at the world around us. So it’s not surprising that late night comedy shows have moved strongly into the arena of politics, offering critical, biting commentary that educates their audience while tickling their funny bone at the same time. Awesome. Even better? They’ve become a voice on education as well, highlighting and criticizing the flaws in the education system. And because humor is easy to digest, the stories have a broader reach, so more of us can be more informed. It’s a good thing.

Predictions 2017: Journalism Edition

It’s strange times we’re living in, no one needed to say that again. Who could have predicted Trump or Brexit? Who could have predicted the heartily revived popularity of 90’s chokers and belly shirts and generally Clueless fashion? Well, somebody, probably, but that doesn’t make it any less weird. If all that is enough to give you anxiety about the year to come, calm yourself by engaging with some good old-fashioned predictions, journalism-style. And if predictions aren’t your thing, here are some suggestions for operation in the new landscape of journalism.

Foundational Fact-ion

Fake news isn’t new, not even close. And if we were looking, we might even have been able to spot the conditions that brought the phenomena back into the spotlight (check social media outlets, the ease of online content creation, it’s all there) in 2016. So now what? A month or so ago, we enjoyed a personally blame-free holiday from responsibility by pointing our fingers at the creators of fake news rather than at ourselves. Now, though, we’re savvy, and we know that we’re at least as much to blame for our careless news consumption. Foundations know it, too, and in an effort to restore journalism and promote awareness, they’re funding educational efforts and fact-checking initiatives. It’s a start.

These thing also happened last week: Mariah Carey lip-sync fail. Enough said. Also, J-Lo and Drake are a thing, and apparently people care, so there’s that. And for those of you dear, dear high school teachers who are just getting back into the swing of things after winter break, here are some obits you can totally appreciate.

A major systemic failure, a photogenic flag, and the ban on Huck: this week’s Fresh Powder Report

The second season of The Newsroom wasn’t totally inaccurate:

The Times made a pretty significant mistake in an article published recently covering the San Bernardino killers. The article states that Tashfeen Malik, who joined her husband in carrying out the massacre that took place in California in early December, spoke openly on social media about her support and desire to be a part of violent jihadism. A few days after the article was posted, an FBI director condemned this reporting, claiming the only places Malik spoke of such beliefs were in private emails or messages. Reporting a potential terrorist threat openly disclosing their views on a public platform implies that action could have been taken, and deaths could have been avoided– an implication made as a direct result of the Times’ sources not comprehending how social media works well enough to understand the difference. The reporters themselves didn’t push to seek out the social media posts in question, and this systemic failure within the Times led to the story being run without knowing better until it was too late. So how do they plan on avoiding these faults in the future? By avoiding an “overreliance” on sources–especially anonymous ones– and having their editors slow down a bit when it comes to sensitive news stories.

Maximizing your productivity:

Part of being a productive person is knowing what works for you– if you’ve ever wondered what productivity type you are, here’s a guide to help you figure it out. Once you understand more about the way you go about getting things done, you can enhance that productivity even more by narrowing in on methods that will work best for you. 

If you can, avoid taking glamour shots in front of national flags:

A high school student in Massachusetts thought submitting a picture of herself standing in front of an American flag to her school’s yearbook would be the best way to preserve her patriotism forever– sadly, she didn’t realize that “standing in front of” and “standing on” can have some drastically different implications, and her photo was banned from the yearbook altogether.

No more adventures for you, Huck:

A school in Philadelphia recently removed “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” from its curriculum on the basis that the racist language and implications in the novel far outweigh any literary benefits.

An inside look at a writer’s education:

Well-known New Yorker writer George Saunders shares his entire writing education timeline with us— from his start at Syracuse, to his first postgraduate job, and even returning to Syracuse as a teacher. With each chapter of his life, he shares a lesson he’s learned about writing, working, and everything in between. If nothing else, this pieces proves that absolutely nothing happens overnight– and, if you’re pursuing a career in writing, your teachers will prove to be far more influential than you could ever imagine.

These things also happened this week: